Mapping and Cluster Analysis of Crime Rates in Nigeria

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Saleh Ibrahim Musa

Abstract

In this study, attempt is made to use the multidimensional scaling analysis in conjunction with Cluster Analysis to given visual representation of the crime rate of some selected cities in Nigeria graphically in a two-dimensional multidimensional scaling space, since visual inspection can greatly aid interpretations. Multidimensional scaling is an explanatory technique used to visualize proximities in a low dimensional space. Interpretation of the dimension can lead to an understanding of the Processes underlining the perceived nearness of entities. From the result of findings; cities like Lagos, Port Harcounrt, Warri, Benin City, Onitsha, Kaduna and Kano which has high crime rate can be labeled as hot spots, cause of availability of certain environmental factors. Unlike cities like Sokoto, Jimeta, lafia, Ilorin, and Jos which has low crime rate.

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Research Article

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